Despite the wonderful technological advancements made by man in modern times, the cultural monuments around the world still hold as much fascination as they ever did. People all over the world are attracted towards these glorious historical monuments, making them tourist hot spots.
Here is a list of cultural monuments around the world:
One of the most famous cultural monuments in the world is the Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, which is also the most sacred pilgrimage of the Islam religion. The Kaaba houses a mosque called Masjid-al-Haram and is the site of Hajj, the most important pilgrimage for the Muslims.
9.The Acropolis Hill
Also known as the “Sacred Rock of Athens”, the Acropolis is the replica of the Greek culture dating back to the ancient period of 5th century BC. It has been rightly called an architectural masterpiece of the Golden Age of Greek Civilization.
The next name on the list of top 10 cultural monuments in the world is that of the ancient city of Machu Picchu in Peru, which symbolizes the glorious cultural heritage of the Inca civilization. It is also known for its breathtakingly beautiful landscape.
Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is a famous cultural monument, which dates back to 532. It was built as a Catholic basilica, but was later converted into a mosque and now serves as a museum.
6.The Pyramids of Egypt
One of the most ancient and famous cultural monuments in the world are the Pyramids of Egypt, which were originally built as the tombs of the Pharaohs and these structures date back to Old and Middle Kingdoms of Egypt. Out of the 138 pyramids discovered till date, the most important one is the Pyramid of Giza.
Next among the most famous cultural monuments in the world is the Colosseum in Rome, which is a majestic arena that once served as the venue for fighting of gladiators. The monument dates back to 70 AD and has a capacity of nearly 50000 spectators.
4.The Statue of Liberty
How can we forget the Statue of Liberty when talking about the most important cultural monuments in the world? This magnificent statue which stands proudly in New York, is the glorious symbol of democracy and freedom. It was gifted by the people of France to the US and was declared as a national monument in 1924.
3.The Great Wall of China
Featuring next on the list of top 10 cultural monuments in the world is the Great Wall of China, a series of fortified walls, running a distance of nearly 3000 km from east to west. This ancient structure was constructed to protect China from external intruders, as early as in 7th century BC, with more walls added over a period of time. Most of the existing structure was built by the Ming Dynasty.
Angkor Wat in Cambodia is the biggest temple in the world. This ancient temple is dedicated to the Hindu religion and was built in 12 the century. The temple stands in glory and attracts millions of tourists and devotees from around the world.
1.The Taj Mahal
Leading the list of top 10 cultural monuments of the world is the Taj Mahal, the beautiful white mausoleum which stands on the banks of River Yamuna in Agra. The artistic masterpiece, made in pure white marble is an epitome of love, which was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his dead wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
Some other important cultural sites in the world are Potala Palace, Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Chichen Ita, Maoi and Petra. All these monuments remain crowded by tourists throughout the year.