The world is endowed with rich natural and man-made wonders at diverse locations, which attract millions of sightseers to witness their spectacular grandeur. Over a period of time, lists of the wonders of the world have been complied, covering some of the most remarkable locations on the planet.
Listed below are the top 10 wonders of the world:
10. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
One of well known wonders of the world is the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Turkey, which was the tomb of the Persian king Mausolus. It was built in 353 BC, but destroyed due to massive earthquakes in 12th and 15th century, with the site being excavated later in 19th century.
9. Colossus of Rhodes
Colossus of Rhodes was a gigantic statue, which stood on the Greek island of Rhodes. The statue was of the Greek God Helios and was erected in 280 BC to commemorate the victory of Rhodes over Cyprus. The tallest statue of its times, the Colossus of Rhodes was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC and is considered as one of the ancient wonders of the world.
8. Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia comes next among top 10 wonders of the world. This giant seated statue of God Zeus was made in gold, wood and ivory in 435 BC. The Statue was destroyed sometime in 5th century AD, due to reasons not known.
7. Lighthouse of Alexandria
Next on this list is the Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt, which is a majestic 450 feet tall tower, built in 280 BC, but was ruined by a number of earthquakes. The remains of this spectacular construction were discovered by French archeologists on the floor of Eastern Harbor of Alexandria in 1994.
6.Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis, also known as the Temple of Diana is a temple in Ephesus in Turkey, which is dedicated to Goddess Artemis. The pre historic temple was rebuilt on three occasions till it was finally destroyed in 401. Currently, the site of this monument houses only its foundation and sculptural remains.
5. Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal, a beautiful white mausoleum located on the banks in Agra, India is the next on the list of top 10 wonders of the world. The glorious structure stands as an epitome of love, built in 1653 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in the memory of his deceased wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.
4. Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia is a famous basilica in Istanbul, Turkey, which was later worshipped as a mosque and now houses a museum. The ancient structure was built in 537 and continues to attract millions of tourists till date, on account of its amazing architectural and religious importance.
3. Great Wall of China
Featuring next on the list of top 10 wonders of the world is the Great Wall of China, which is a magnificent fortified wall, made of stone and brick, stretching along east to west, over a distance of 3000 km. It was built to protect the country from invasion. Amazingly, it is claimed to be seen from the space too.
2. Hanging Garden of Babylon
One of the ancient wonders of the world is Hanging Garden of Babylon, which was located in the ancient city of Babylon in Iraq. This unknown location remains to be legendary, with no definite archeological proof of its existence.
1. Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza, located in Egypt dates back to 5000 years ago and is the only of the ancient wonders of the world which still exists in an intact form. This ancient structure was supposedly built as a tomb for the 4th dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu and was the tallest structure in the world (standing 455 feet tall) for a period of nearly 3800 years.
Some of the other wonders of the world are Great Barrier Reef, Eiffel Tower, Victoria Falls, Northern Lights, Temple of Artemis and Acropolis. While some of these are natural and other are manmade, but they continue to attract the human race over centuries.